~The Earth is 4.6 billion years old. Scaling this time down to 46 years we are 4 hours old and Industrial Revolution began just 1 minute ago. In this one minute we ransacked the planet for fuels and raw materials, causing extinction of an unthinkable amount of plants and animals.
~Many of our actions - invention of automobiles, deforestation, setting up industries, improper waste disposal - are aimed at human good but affect the earth directly or indirectly.
~80% of the world's forests are gone. Over 40% of all tropical forests have been destroyed and 1 acre is lost each second.
~Every day 50 to 100 species of plants & animals become extinct as human activities destroy their habitat.
~Earth Day is now observed in 175 countries . Apr 22, 1970 was the first Earth Day. Apr 16 - 22nd is the Earth Week .
~20% of the people consume 80% of the natural resources.
~The U.S. has 5% of the world's population; uses 25% of world's natural resources, Consumes 25% of energy and generates 30% waste.
~1.5 billion (150 cr.) people worldwide - more than 1 in 5 - lack electricity.
~In Bangladesh, fertility rate plunged from 6.6 births per woman in 1975 to 2.4 in 2009. Yes, it is possible to change!
~120 countries have constitutions that address environmental norms.
~The Currency Transaction Tax CTT allows those who benefit most from globalization to help those who benefit least. At a very minimal rate (0.005 %) and without any additional administrative costs, CTT could yield annual revenues of about $40 billion! (Rs.2,00,000 Cr.)
~ Our Ecological footprint exceeds the world's ability to regenerate by about 25 per cent.
~Less than 1% of all water on Earth is available as groundwater and surface water suitable for human uses
Read more: waterencyclopedia.com
~Emissions per capita are much greater in developed countries because of more energy-intensive activities like driving cars, cooling & heating of homes & businesses, consuming processed & packaged food.
~around 350 million (35 Cr.) people, many of them poor, live in or near forests on which they rely for subsistence and incomes.
~According to the U N FAO, 40% of the world's economy is based directly or indirectly on the use of biological resources.
~Poverty results in environmental deprivations in access to modern cooking fuel, clean water and basic sanitation.
~sustainability must be approached as a matter of basic social justice, for current and future generations alike.
~$105 billion (Rs.5,25,000 Cr.) is needed annually just to finance adaptation to climate change - Helen Clark, UNDP The 2011 HDR—Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All.
Source: Human Development Report hdr.undp.org
~In Peninsular Malaysia, more tree species are found in 125 acres of Tropical Forest than in the entire North America.
~In Peru a single bush may contain more ant species than in the British Isles.
~When you visit a pharmacist, one in every four purchases will have come from a tropical forest.
~Penguins live only in the Southern Hemisphere and never in the Northern Hemisphere.
~The arctic tern, a migrating bird is able to travel back and forth as much as 22000 miles in a course of a year.
~Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 17 trees, 2 barrels of oil, 4,100 kilowatts of energy, 3.2 cubic yards of landfill space, and 60 pounds of air pollution.
~About 80% of what the affluent society throw away is recyclable, yet their recycling rates are very poor.
~Recycling glass instead of making it from silica sand reduces mining waste by 70%, water use by 50%, and air pollution by 20%.
~Recycling [Eco-Cycle] just one aluminum can saves enough energy to operate a TV for 3 hours.
GLOBAL WARMING FACTS
~Weather and climate recognize no political borders. 2000-2009 was the hottest decade on record with 8 of the hottest 10 years having occurred since 2000.
Source: The World Meteorological Organization http://www.wmo.int
~Industrialization, deforestation, pollution have greatly increased atmospheric concentrations of water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide- all GHSs. Green House Gases trap heat near Earth's surface.
~Humans are pouring carbon dioxide into the atmosphere much faster than plants and oceans can absorb it.
~GHGs persist in the atmosphere for many years, meaning that even if such emissions were eliminated today, it would not immediately stop global warming.
~Sea Level Rise of just 4 inches (10 cms) could flood many islands and large parts of Southeast Asia. 7 to 23 inches rise is predict ed in the near future.
~ Some hundred million people live within 3 feet (1 meter) of mean sea level, and much of the world's population is concentrated in vulnerable coastal cities, deltas.
~ Millions of people inhabiting Small Island Developing States SIDS face destruction and disappearance of lives, livelihoods, countries; and the likelihood of large displaced refugee populations if average global temperature rise by more than 1.5 C.
For further info: http://aosis.info
~Glaciers around the world could melt (Glacier Retreat), causing sea levels to rise while creating water shortages in regions dependent on runoff for fresh water.
~Strong hurricanes, droughts, heat waves, wildfires and other natural disasters may become commonplace in many parts of the world. The growth of deserts may also cause food shortages in many places.
~Disappearing habitat, changing ecosystems and acidifying oceans cause species extinction of more than a million.
Follow-up report by the IPCC, April 2007
Live in and leave behind a better world
Earth provides enough for every man's NEED but not GREED - Mahatma Gandhi